The cage should allow a lot of movement by the chinchilla. Multilevel cages, similar to those designed by many ferret owners, work well. Like other rodents, chinchillas love to chew. Wire-mesh cages are preferred to wooden cages. Covering at least half of the floor with Plexiglas or wood will take some of the pressure off of the feet of the wire bottom of the cage.
Chinchillas are very susceptible to heat stroke; environmental temperature should be kept below 80°F (27°C); high humidity should also be avoided.
Most owners house one or two pets in a cage. While chinchillas are social pets that rarely fight, injury and death can occur from fighting. Care should be taken when introducing a new pet into your resident pet's cage. If you'd like several chinchillas, it would be best to purchase them as youngsters. Fights are especially likely when housing multiple intact (un-neutered) males together.
Wood can be placed in the cage to allow the chinchilla to chew and help keep its teeth filed down. Chinchillas require a dust bath for normal grooming. This should be provided daily and removed after use. The "dust" can be purchased at local pet stores; make sure you use dust and not sand, which is too gritty and can cause skin or eye irritation.
Chew toys can also be placed in the cage, as can soft towels for bedding. The smallest piece of the toy should be too big to be swallowed by the chinchilla. Pinecones, soft wood sticks, and un-painted wicker baskets make good chew/foraging toys.
Soft towels can be enjoyed by your pet chinchilla. Inspect the towel often to make sure the chinchilla isn't chewing it; if swallowed it could cause intestinal obstruction. Cage lining material can be placed under the wire-mesh bottom of the cage. Newspaper is inexpensive and works well as a cage lining material. Wood shavings that are sold for other rodent cages can also be used.
Cages should be cleaned at least weekly with soap and water (rinse well).
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